A sump pump is a pump that is placed in the lowest level of a structure for the purpose of expelling any excess water collecting in the structure. A sump pump plays an integral role in the healthy ecosystem of any basement or lower-level crawl space area of a structure. Without the sump pump, water will accumulate in these lower levels of the structure and can cause severe structural damage and fuel the growth of mold colonies, which can lead to poor air quality.
It's important to be aware of several factors that can cause a sump pump to fail.
1. Sump Pumps Fail Because of Mechanical Failure
The sump pump has a sensor that sits at the lowest level, and as water engages the sensor, it triggers the motor which is attached to the extractor tube that sucks the water out. There is a path of tubes or pipes that water follows and is ultimately ejected from the structure or to a designated drain. With any multipoint equation, there are multiple points of possible failure therefore when it comes to mechanical sump pump failure, any of these points can fail and betray the system's integrity.
2. Sump Pumps Fail Because of Poor Maintenance
Since all sump pumps have multiple points of potential failure, it's important to run routine maintenance on the sump pumps systems. It's advisable to engage the system and test for sump pump failure by pouring water on the sensor and watching how the system functions as a whole. This way you can locate and replace the parts of the sump pump system that are in need of repair. It's important to note that when a sump pump is activated, it vibrates considerably which means even if it's secured correctly, it can become loose and possibly cause the sump pump to fail due to becoming misaligned.
3. Sump Pumps Fail Because of Electrical Failure
There are sump pumps that can function without an electronic power source. However, most sump pump systems are powered by local electricity or heavy-duty boat batteries. Even so, it's still possible that these electronic systems can become compromised and lead to sump pump failure.
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